Supposing you don’t want to install the Tomcat version that is packaged on Ubuntu (if you need a differente version), this is what you should do:
Download Tomcat here to your home dir.
Add the Tomcat user and group
$ sudo groupadd tomcat $ sudo useradd -g tomcat -s /usr/sbin/nologin -M tomcat
Go to /usr/local dir and unzip (beware of the file name, you may have downloaded a different/newer version), give appropriate permissions and create a simlink to ‘tomcat’
$ cd /usr/local $ sudo tar -zxvf ~/apache-tomcat-6.0.36.tar.gz $ sudo chown -R tomcat. /usr/local/apache-tomcat-6.0.36 $ sudo ln -s apache-tomcat-6.0.36 tomcat
Check if you can start it:
$ sudo /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh
There should be something like this on the screen:
Using CATALINA_BASE: /usr/local/tomcat Using CATALINA_HOME: /usr/local/tomcat Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/tomcat/temp Using JRE_HOME: /usr Using CLASSPATH: /usr/local/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar
Open the following addres on your web browser: http://localhost:8080 (or replace localhost with your server name/ip address) and verify that Tomcat started properly (a pretty page should be displayed telling you that you’ve installed Tomcat succesfully, or something like that).
Now shut it down:
$ sudo /usr/local/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh
The same messages that appeared when you started it up should appear again (I know, I know, pretty weird).
Now you can use the following script to start and stop Tomcat. Download it to your home directory and place it at /etc/init.d
$ sudo mv tomcat /etc/init.d
To start/stop as the tomcat user, run the following command (it’s already on the script):
$ sudo su -s /bin/bash tomcat -c /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh